Wheelchairs are mobility devices designed to help people with difficulty walking or standing. There are many different types of wheelchairs, ranging from manual to electric-powered, and a wide range of people use them. In this article, we will explore the different types of people who use wheelchairs and the reasons behind their use.

People with Physical Disabilities:

One of the most common reasons people use wheelchairs is due to physical disabilities. This can include individuals with spinal cord injuries, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and other conditions that affect mobility. These individuals may require wheelchairs either temporarily or permanently, depending on their condition and level of mobility.

Elderly Individuals:

Another group of people who often use wheelchairs is the elderly. As people age, their physical abilities may decline, making it difficult to walk or stand for extended periods. Wheelchairs can help them maintain their independence and mobility, allowing them to enjoy activities and events outside their home.

People with Temporary Injuries:

People with temporary injuries like broken bones or sprains may also use wheelchairs. This can help them avoid putting weight on the injured area and allow for faster healing. Additionally, individuals who have recently undergone surgery or medical procedures may need a wheelchair during their recovery period.


Athletes who have disabilities that affect their mobility also use wheelchairs. This includes athletes with spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, or amputations. Many sports are specifically designed for individuals who use wheelchairs, such as wheelchair basketball, rugby, and racing.


Children with physical disabilities may also use wheelchairs. These can be custom-made to fit their smaller bodies and provide them with the mobility they need to participate in activities with their peers. Additionally, some children with temporary injuries or medical conditions may need to use a wheelchair for some time.

Quality of Life:

Wheelchairs are a common mobility aid for people with various disabilities and mobility limitations. Using a wheelchair can provide numerous benefits for people with physical disabilities, including increased mobility, independence, and quality of life. Here are some factors that determine who uses a wheelchair, the types of wheelchairs available, and some tips for maintaining and using them.

People with spinal cord injuries: 

Spinal cord injuries can result from accidents, disease, or medical conditions. Depending on the level of injury, some individuals may require a wheelchair for mobility.

People with cerebral palsy: 

Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that affects movement and posture. Individuals with cerebral palsy may use a wheelchair to increase mobility and independence.

People with multiple sclerosis: 

A condition that affects the central nervous system is multiple sclerosis. Some individuals with multiple sclerosis may require a wheelchair as the disease progresses.

People with muscular dystrophy:

Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic disorders that cause muscle weakness and wasting. Individuals with muscular dystrophy may need a wheelchair to assist with mobility.

People with amputations:

Amputations can result from injury, disease, or medical conditions. Individuals who have lost one or both legs may use a wheelchair to assist with mobility.

People with arthritis:

Arthritis is a condition that causes pain and stiffness in the joints. Individuals with arthritis may use a wheelchair to reduce the strain on their joints.

People with stroke: 

A stroke is a medical emergency caused by a disruption in blood flow to the brain. Some individuals who have had a stroke may require a wheelchair for mobility.


In conclusion, many people use wheelchairs, ranging from those with permanent disabilities to temporary injuries or conditions. Wheelchairs can provide these individuals the mobility and independence they need to lead fulfilling lives. It is essential to recognize the diverse range of people who use wheelchairs and to work towards creating a more inclusive society that accommodates the needs of all individuals, regardless of their physical abilities.